Reda Farahat – Qalyoubiya Governor: A former police general. When Egypt was proclaimed a republic in 1953, Gamal Abdel Nasser ; member of the Revolution Council – and later on the President of the Republic – was keen on assuming the post of Interior Minister, in an attempt to proceed in the career path he planned for himself. Besides the richness of a variety of delicious foods, romantic sunsets of Capri, the golden voice of Luciano Pavarotti and other classical music legends, the sound of the Opera and mandolins all around that fill the atmosphere and the gifts of ancient history that the mangnifico Italia boasts ,Italy is also home to THE ITALIAN MAFIA. Some cities make use of sedans as patrol vehicles or high speed 'interceptors' on highways. muhafazah; pl., muhafazat), the presidentially appointed governor and a director of police command all police and maintain public order. The Egyptian army ranks were changed after the revolution of 1952 and the fall of the monarchy. [7], According to writer Ahdaf Soueif, since 2005 the police have routinely grabbed women protesters and torn "their clothes off and beat them, groping them at the same time. By the time of the 5th Dynasty, toward the end of the Old Kingdom, this mo… The next rank in the Egyptian military hierarchy is that of a Captain. The average police officer salary in Egypt is 132,771 ج.م.‏ or an equivalent hourly rate of 64 ج.م.‏. In response to a planned July 8 rally protesting the release on bail of police accused of murdering protesters during the revolution, interim interior minister Mansour el-Essawy promised to purge up to 700 corrupt senior police officers. It also sets forth exemptions from the need to obtain a permit to acquire or own a firearm for specified categories of persons, and forbids the licensing of firearms in some cases. ... Mohamed Morsi, who hailed from the ranks … Enlisted police ranks include master sergeant, sergeant, corporal, and private. According to accounts from speech writer in Ancient Greece, Andocides and a Greek statesman and one of the ten Attic orators, Aeschines, the first police force in ancient Greece, consisted of publicly-owned Scythian slaves, the so-called Scythian Archers. By The Associated Press. Color schemes of police vehicles vary according to their location and which directorate they belong to. The highest-ranking Egyptian police officer is a Lieutenant General and officer ranks descend only to first lieutenant. Unlike in many other countries, the Egyptian police extensively use SUVs. Police forces around the world look different, from the gear they use to the uniforms they wear. in Cairo, Alexandria – Qaitbay Citadel and the Serapium Temple and Pompey's Pillar, etc., going through all cities in Egypt carrying same weapons as law enforcement police. Egyptian police rank insignia are the same as those used by the Egyptian Army. The country’s medical doctors have joined the ranks of those targeted by the government’s crackdowns, including political opponents, secular activists, journalists and human rights workers.. Egypt’s White Army? Media in category "Egyptian Police Ranks" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. It is an attractive career for many youths, not only because of its handsome KDF salary, but the attraction and pride to serve and defend your country. Premiers are no longer capable of assuming both posts as Interior Minister's post has become completely separate due to the enormous and significant tasks it entails; being directly in charge of preserving citizens' security, safety and properties. Furthermore, Law No. When Saad Zaghloul Pasha assumed the Interior Minister post in 1934 – along with his premiership- the Ministry was characterized with a political trend. The Law prohibits the acquisition or possession without a permit of smooth-barrel guns, pistols, and shotguns. RANKS. Egypt's periodic report to the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights for 2001-2017 was submitted on 26 October 2018 and was due to be considered at the 64th Ordinary Session of the Commission in 2019. [8], Police on a camel in front of the Red Pyramid in Dahshur.jpg. "[3] Police brutality is credited with being one of the causes of the revolution,[4] and as of June 2011 several police officers are being tried for the killing of "hundreds of demonstrators" during the revolution. Here's what they're like in 14 countries. Ezzat had been at large since the summer of 2013, after the military removed Egypt’s first democratically elected president, Mohamed Morsi, who hailed from the ranks of the Muslim Brotherhood. This is because of increasing congestion in cities where the heavier bikes would prove to be unwieldy when compared to the nimbler handling the newer bikes were capable of. This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 18:12. The police became increasingly motorised and it is now rare to see an officer on foot patrol except in city or town centres, and then rarely alone. Figure 9. 10. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Corporals, for example, may be responsible for a small team of Soldiers, while a major general could hold command of anywhere between 10,000-15,000 Soldiers. Both the governor and the director of police report to the Ministry of Interior on all security matters. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Egyptian Police Brigadier General Rank.png, Egyptian Police First Lieutenant Rank.png, Egyptian Police Lieutenant Colonel Rank.png,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Pulled off the streets after violently cracking down on protests in January, they are now trying to reshape their role in the post-Mubarak Egypt. Egyptian law enforcement police officers generally carry either the M&P357, CZ 75B or Glock pistol when on regular duty, however, heavy arms are always available at police stations. In the year 1958 the crown was replaced by the Eagle of Saladin (also known as "The Egyptian Eagle"; "Ancient Egyptian Eagle", and is the new coat of arms) and formal-Arabic language ranks. During the Old Kingdom of Egypt(c. 2613-2181 BCE) there was no official police force. Commissioned police ranks resemble those of the Egyptian Army. For traffic regulation and patrolling in cities, motorcycles are also used. Egypt is the 106 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, according to the 2019 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International. In the governorate's subdivisions there are district police commandants with the authority and functions that were similar to the director at the governorate level. The American Police Hierarchy varies along the various federal, state, local and sheriff’s police departments. The academy's three-month course for enlisted personnel is conducted in a military atmosphere but emphasizes police methods and techniques. Unavailable. Combat all types of crimes The GCSI ranks countries based on the pillars of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Global Cyber Security Agenda: legal, technical, … The governor reports directly to the minister or to a deputy while the director of police reports through regular police channels. 394 prohibits the manufacture, import, trade, and repair of weapons, firearms, and their ammunition without a license. The police in Egypt lost some prestige during the 2011 Revolution. Egyptian military uniforms were similar to British uniforms. The police force also sent some officers abroad for schooling. The report said that emerging markets will start to dominate rankings of the world’s top economies by 2030. Ezzat was named the group’s acting leader in August 2013. [5], Mass demonstrations took place for and against former elect President Morsi on 30 June 2013, marking the one-year anniversary of Mohamed Morsi's inauguration. Egyptian National Police or ENP is a department of the Ministry of Interior of Egypt. Morsi’s short-lived rule proved divisive and provoked mass protests nationwide. Military Ranks and Insignia,1990. Traffic Police vehicles generally also have equipment like speed radars, breath analysers and emergency first aid kits. Non-oil trade between the countries reached Dh20.1 billion ($5.47bn) in 2019, according to data released by the UAE Ministry of Economy. The general is the highest-ranking soldier and the chief of defence forces, while the private is the junior-most rank in the ranking category of the Kenya army ranks. [3] [6] The police attempted to defend their actions by claiming to disperse the sit-ins with the least possible damage. The spot comes based on the … This rank lies lower to the Major rank but higher to the Lieutenant rank in the hierarchy. [citation needed]. Currently, it is a must that the Interior Minister be a descendant of Egyptian parents and a graduate of Police College. Uniforms and Insignia. In the early Twentieth Century, holder of the post of Interior Minister was called: "The Interior Superintendent". Places such as the Great Pyramid of Giza, Memphis Giza, Egyptian Museum, etc. Jun 24, 2018 CAIRO — From June 15-17, Egypt’s Ministry of Interior deployed the largest number of female police cadres it had ever dispatched on Egyptian streets as well as around cinemas and parks in a bid to provide security for the Eid al-Fitr holiday celebrations. on the world ranking, dominated by t… Egypt. Maintaining public health. Enlisted police ranks include master sergeant, sergeant, corporal, and private. The principle legislation relating to firearms control in Egypt is Law No. This position was very high-ranking, so this position was entrusted to trustworthy men. The holder of the rank enjoyed the personal title of Bey . Each branch of the military had dress, service or garrison, and field uniforms. The end of the century saw the Military Police with a strength of just over 300, with detachments at all the garrison towns in United Kingdom, permanent detachments in Cairo and Malta, and an honourable active service record in Egypt and Sudan, and in South Africa during the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) where the majority of both the MMP and MFP would serve eventually. 394 of 1954. Ever since, and for a long time, the Ministry employees were left under the mercy of political changes and election results. Egyptian police uniforms are similar to the Egyptian Army's service uniform for the ground forces, which is khaki drill cotton. The word "Insider". The first known police force was established in 400 BC in Athens, Greece. The Police Academy is a modern institution equipped with laboratory and physical-training facilities. The urban police have more modern facilities and equipment, such as computers and communications equipment, while the smaller more remote village police have less sophisticated facilities and equipment. In each of the 27 Governorates of Egypt (sing. Egyptian Police Brigadier General Rank.png 164 × 470; 24 KB Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. SUVs are known for their capabilities to move around in any sort of terrain. It indicates a way to close an interaction, or dismiss a notification. To protect against this, many female protesters wear "layers of light clothing, no buttons, drawstring pants double-knotted". In the Army, your rank not only indicates your pay grade, but also the amount of responsibility you hold. The UAE ranks first globally in terms of investments in Egypt with total foreign direct investment (FDI) reaching Dh24.3bn from 990 Emirati companies investing in Egypt at the end of 2018. Egypt police arrest leader of outlawed Muslim Brotherhood. He tended to dismiss persons who opposed his ideas and began to employ and promote those who struggled with him. *Each nation is assessed on individual and collective values processed through an in-house formula to generate a 'PwrIndx' score. Graduates receive a bachelor of police studies degree and are commissioned lieutenants, while those who held degrees from other colleges are comissioned as first lieutenants. The title was used until 1914 when World War I broke out[clarification needed] and Britain declared Egypt as a protectorate. The highest-ranking Egyptian police officer is a Lieutenant General and officer ranks descend only to first lieutenant. National. Some police officers, especially the special operations officers, are well trained by the Egyptian Armed Forces in Al-Sa'ka Military School. The post enabled its holder to control elections, select executives and have an eye on political opponents. The idea was to insinuate that females who took part in street protests wanted to be groped." The Egyptian army has appeared in US-based military analysis Global Fire Power’s 2018 review of 136 world armies as the 12th. The Global Cyber Security Index (GCSI) ranked Egypt’s advances in cyber security as the 14th worldwide out of a total of 165 countries, and second among the Arab states, in a report published on Monday. Dress uniforms were worn mostly on formal … The Captain rank is normally considered to be the highest rank a soldier is able to achieve while remaining on the field. Interior Minister's post – like other major posts in Egypt- was assumed for a long time by non-Egyptian ministers with no police or security background. Egypt scored 35 points out of 100 on the 2019 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International. This page was last edited on 12 April 2020, at 10:32. Therefore, “Instability continues to plague Egypt, centered on extremism within its borders as well as neighboring instability,” according to Global Fire Power (GFP). Administrative and Financial Affairs responsible for general administration, budgets, supplies, and legal matters. Egypt ranks as the third-worst jailer of journalists worldwide, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists. In … Ancient Egyptian Police – Tools and Structure. For 2020, Egypt is ranked 9 of 138 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review.It holds a PwrIndx* rating of 0.1872 (0.0000 considered 'perfect'). Two crossed lines that form an 'X'. Fri., Aug. 28, 2020 timer 1 min. Egyptian police rank insignia are the same as those used by the Egyptian Army. Nobles followed this paradigm and hired trustworthy Egyptians from respectable backgrounds to guard their valuables or themselves. The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. Daulatlu Fakhamatlu (or Devletlu Fekhametlu): the style enjoyed by the Vali of Egypt until the reign of Khedive Ismail, equivalent to 'His Highness'. Corruption Rank in Egypt averaged 88.13 from 1996 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 118 in 2012 and a record low of 41 in 1996. The police of ancient Egypt introduced also the division between its units; as we found the rank of the police chief who was chosen based on his knowledge and good reputation, and he must be the flag bearer at the royal palace to be chosen as the police chief. Like any country, Egypt has its fair share of crime, and boasts the 9th largest prisoner population with just under 62,000 people incarcerated. Certain police personnel also wear a blue or black beret. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message,, Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate, The General Directorate for State Security Investigations, Cairo clashes highlight tensions between Egyptian police, public, Muslim Brotherhood to join Tahrir Square demonstration, From Bad Cop to Good Cop: The Challenge of Security Sector Reform in Egypt,, Articles that may contain original research from July 2015, All articles that may contain original research, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from February 2011, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Copied and pasted articles and sections with url provided from March 2016, All copied and pasted articles and sections, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Pages using law enforcement agency with civilian police general nature, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Magdi Abdel Ghaffar, Ministry of Interior. Almost all commissioned officers were graduates of the Police Academy at Cairo where police had to complete four years at the academy. There are no reports of prosecutions of police for excessive or indiscriminate use of force in recent years. But when the famous thinker, writer and lawyer Mr. Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed was appointed as an Interior Minister, stability prevailed the Ministry. The Captain is the commander of the group of the soldiers. An extensive modernisation drive has ensured that these vehicles are equipped with wireless sets in communication with a central control room. Depending upon the location, the police vehicles may have individual revolving lights (strobe lights) or light bars, sirens etc. It still enacts the death penalty, though only in a limited way with 48 executions having taken place in 2007, the 5th highest number for the year though somewhat far behind China's 470 executions. Most policemen and guards were armed with staffs, though some would also have police dogs, and even types of trained monkeys (though that was quite rare). Salary estimates based on salary survey data collected directly from employers and anonymous employees in Egypt Commissioned police ranks resemble those of the Egyptian Army. [3] The government has taken steps to address public concerns and police demoralization. Around the time the ancient Egyptian police were organized into a more coherent force in the New Kingdom, a hierarchy was structured. According to one source (, the Egyptian police, "once feared by civilians, are now seen as leftover elements of Mubarak’s regime and treated with little respect. Counter-terrorism and hostage rescue Also included are: political orientation, public relations, and military subjects (such as infantry and cavalry training), marksmanship, leadership, and field exercises. read. “Rome was not built in one day”. Tahseen Rushdi Bashi was the first person to hold the title of Interior Minister in Egypt. However, enlisted police personnel wear a black wool bush jacket and trousers in the winter and a white cotton bush jacket and trousers in the summer. As time went on, many Prime Ministers assumed the post of Interior Minister – in addition to their Premiership- being among the posts having major control over the internal events. Corruption Index in Egypt averaged 32.23 Points from 1996 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 37 Points in 2014 and a record low of 28 Points in 2008. While Sisi is preoccupied with imposing his influence and control over the Egyptian state, he has not given due attention to improvement of the army’s operational and training efficiency. Personnel Affairs was responsible for police-training institutions, personnel matters for police and civilian employees, and the Policemen's Sports Association. However, there is a generalized organizational structure of the police ranks, which we are going to discuss in the following paragraphs. The bikes are provided with two-way radios, strobes and sirens and are generally painted white. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the.