It always has been. The liberals and Democrats do not support revolution. From Rebellion to Revolution. Historically it’s a fact of struggle. Cooperation Jackson and the Peopleâs Strike coalition weâve been working to build with various organizations and allies are working to advance a program of this character to interject left counter-narratives into the mass movement. Revolutions resolve those contradictions: a new framework, a new system. So they grew to include other auxiliary functions and were recast in popular culture and by the political elite as unbiased and heroic “public servants.” Policing became the generally accepted means by which two crucial needs are secured for the populace at large: personal safety and contract enforcement. Upon seeing the kingâs throne in the House of Lords, Rush said he âfelt as if he walked on sacred groundâ with âemotions that I cannot describe.â1Throughout the eighteenth century, colonists had developed significant emotional ties with both the British monarchy and the British constitution. What is clear is that there is an active and open political contest to shape the outcome. This debate is being played out in the streets, in mainstream media, and through social media. Take for example the 78 percent of Black people who responded to one poll that they wanted “tougher” charges against Derek Chauvin (murderer of George Floyd). This is the political context with which we now approach the question of âreformingâ or âdefundingâ or âabolishingâ the police. This has to be recognized. With the obvious racist bias and less than stellar public safety effect of policing, it’s no surprise that the movement in the streets is gaining almost universal support for “defunding the police.” Others in the movement are pushing reforms to give communities more tangible democratic control over policing and some call for the police to be abolished. The idea of socialism — the extension of social and economic rights — is rising and unsettling the capitalist status quo. It was only when the children began appreciating differences and making genuine efforts to be kind that a true revolution occurred. Take for instance “Stop-and-Frisk,” widely lauded for years as a very effective “crime-fighting mechanism” in every major city in the U.S.. METRICS Metrics. What type of change and to what degree it will shift the balance of forces between rulers and ruled, haves and the have-nots remains to be seen. The enslaved and free Black people of Haiti who rose against the planter class did so invoking the documents and principles of France’s bourgeois revolution. The Party for Socialism and Liberation is comprised of leaders and activists, workers and students, of all backgrounds. Following the Los Angeles rebellion of 1992, the Los Angeles police and sheriff departments hunted down and arrested over 15,000 people who were captured on footage breaking the so-called ârules.â So, if they succeed, it will be the effective negation of the rebellion. This is clear enough in the streets where specific critiques about policing are voiced interchangeably with general reflections of the brutal impact of racism on Black people. Wages stolen by employers adds up to more money than all other forms of theft combined. The real contest as it stands is between the liberals and Democrats on the one hand and the radical mass that has taken the streets all over the country and the world, which is increasingly examining and advancing critical left demands emerging from anarchist, communist, revolutionary nationalist, and socialist analytical and organizing traditions, such as police and prison abolition, economic democracy, and decolonization. The uprising that erupted after the murder of George Floyd is beset on two sides. But they are not wrong either. Deepening the rebellion, and pointing towards revolution means embracing its strategic position. Should Black people not have fought for the right to vote? Various attempts to extinguish the flames of resistance–through force or flattery–have had the opposite effect. These contradictions — not the most revolutionary slogans — are what draws masses of people into rebellion. Furthermore, Cuba certainly applies a “carceral logic” towards counter-revolutionaries, but where would Assata Shakur be, or all the gains of the revolution for the working class, without Cuba’s determined struggle against U.S. imperialism and to prevent counter-revolution? Having the police known as purely protectors of property and order for the rich would not do. Thereâs a catch at the back of my throat as I read the last â¦ One school of abolitionists answers that question in the negative — arguing that to use the “system” to jail killer cops is to reinforce the ideological existence of the overall policing-incarceration system. By Kali Akuno, Viewpoint Magazine. Hidden in just this fact is the most important lesson: The capitalist system grants concessions only in defense of its own stability. Less than half of (FBI described) “violent” crimes (46 percent) are ever solved, and only 17 percent of “property crimes.”. What is clear is that there is an active â¦ revolution) or preparing for it in the present moment. June 15, 2020. Those in the streets are learning concretely about their own power. This perceived legitimacy of the notion of policing gives the police as an institution tremendous cultural authority. The fight for the most basic demands can lead people, if these demands are not met, to the most revolutionary conclusions. Actually, there is some difference between the two words. The alternative of revolution yet remains. “Law and order” politics asserts that any reduction in the scope of policing is a recipe for chaos. The real issue, then, which immediately confronts those looking to restrict or get rid of the capitalist police is what will you do about “crime?” “Crime” is the one issue that allegedly has no cure. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State The oppression of Black people is so central to capital that any rebellion from the Black community questions, even in some of its most basic forms, major shifts in the way society will need to be organized in order to address racism. Tactics & Strategies. This history should be instructive. PDF. They saw and portrayed the workers as a mob, prone to licentiousness, who must be controlled for the good (read: stability) of society. Ecosocialism 2020: From rebellion to revolution. Each situation has its own context. In Reconstruction, Black communities across the South utilized whatever laws and federal forces that they could to defend their gains and hold in check the racists intent of beating, intimidating, defrauding and killing them. Secondly, it is to introduce concepts and slogans that allow the movement to widen its vision, to make it harder to co-opt by the ruling class, and that further illuminate the path of struggle ahead. NEWS . The police did not emerge out of a bad idea — but as a special body of armed men to protect a highly unequal and oppressive ruling class. Draft Ecosocialist Manifesto: For an egalitarian, cooperative road to an ecosocialist future . Click here! If you believe them, this is fundamentally just about reforming the police and the articulation of an obscure iteration of the âBlack Lives Matterâ demand framework. But this cannot come at the expense of the first task! The Peopleâs Strike is calling for Assemblies to be held everywhere, and in particular calling for a first strike national day of action on July 1st. The decadence of the monarchy coupled with a large amount of the population living in poverty resulted in one of the greatest revolutions Europe has ever seen. Hurt. + Read More. And let it be known that should we fail, the left will be the first victims of the targeted execution of the stateâs hammer, which is here and will advance whether we like it or not. Its response is elabÂoÂrated through its pracÂtiÂcal exisÂtence. Revolutions resolve those contradictions: a new framework, a new system. The first really “modern” police department in the United States were the Charleston City Guards formed in the 1730s. These are groundbreaking developments. Despite the challenges we are confronting in this contest of power, the alternative of revolution yet remains. From its beginnings until now policing is a system of social control. A profound rebellion against racism has been sweeping the country for a month. La rébellion des Patriotes, ... Les membres de la Société des Fils de la Liberté calquaient leurs visées sur un groupe qui avait existé lors de la Révolution américaine du nom de « Sons of Liberty » . The issue was not the scale or intensity of the “crimes” but who was committing them. We remember many slave rebellions across the Americas, but only one slave revolution. So what other explanation can there be other than the issue wasn’t stopping crime but asserting dominance over areas pre-determined to be “criminal?”. 6â9 â¦ The Floyd rebellion is changing the world before our very eyes. Moving from rebellion to revolution is ultimately figuring out how to operate the âdetonator factorâ capitalist elites fear so much. Conclusion. by Patrice de Bergeracpas June 15, 2020. With that being said, even in the here and now, with all the existent social problems, oppressed communities are so over-policed and over-incarcerated and policing and incarceration so ineffective it’s clear both could be dramatically curtailed and replaced more effectively right away. Introduction. The people want radical change – Socialist analysis of the 2016 presidential campaign, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gtE64SwOwVk. For the authorities this begs the question of what will get people out of the streets? In both cases the police were not a reflex response to “crime.” Then–and now–they were the instrument for controlling classes of people deemed “criminal,” prior to any individual action. Just years after the successful American Revolution and the creation of the United States of America, rebellion occurred. Even the aim of a rebellion may not be a revolution at all: it may be for example to get certain privileges from the government, such as changed taxes, lifting ban on a certain worship, secession of a region, removal of a notorious minister or resignation of the current king without ending a dynasty. What is really at stake is not the debate over how much policing can or cannot be reformed in the short term. It stands to reason that decreasing poverty would also decrease certain property crimes and robbery. This could be harnessed through democratic efforts to federate these initiatives on a mass level to lay the foundations of dual power. Kali Akuno, Viewpoint Magazine. The proÂleÂtariat is the real response to this ecoÂnomic pseudo-materialism. Glorious Revolution, events of 1688â89 that resulted in the deposition of English King James II and the accession of his daughter Mary II and her husband, William III, prince of Orange and stadholder of the Netherlands. Historically it is only a relatively small group of people who are drawn into struggle based on agreement with a worked out formula for what a new society will look like. Please make sure these dispatches reach as many readers as possible. And rebellion being an organized armed resistance may or may not lead to a revolution. The dominance of this narrative will have consequences, negative consequences. In other words, on both counts, the familiar strategies of counter-insurgency designed to quench any rebellion to the status quo: repression and co-optation. by Shayna Miller. It’s an encapsulation of the humiliation and brutality that marks the wide spectrum of indignities perpetuated by racist America. The “carceral” logic of prisons is just an institutionalized form of that same violence. The art of revolutionary politics — especially in a rebellious moment like this one — is to first and foremost identify that which has brought the masses into motion, to tap into it, to affirm it, and to validate it with fighting slogans that keep the rebellion going. Both Whig and Tory politicians invited William to bring an army to England to redress the nationâs grievances. Those in the streets meanwhile grapple with what it takes to make substantive changes and what would even constitute “real change.”. AnyÂone who looks at its hisÂtory can …, Through the two studies that follow, we will begin to explore Lenin's itinerary of a decolonization of the revolution, covering the question of national self-determination …, Leninâs analysis forces us to consider immigration â the living and working conditions of immigrant workers â starting from the theory of imperialism, outside of …, All eyes are on Oakland. 1st November 2020. There is no real war with crime. This downplays the clear calls to eradicate white supremacy, capitalism, heteropatriarchy, and settler-colonialism that have been on clear display. By Eugene D. Genovese. From Extinction Rebellion to revolution: strategies compared NICK WRIGHT assesses the programme and demands of the burgeoning ecological direct-action movement . You are here: Home â¼ 2020 â¼ June â¼ 11 â¼ From Rebellion to Revolution. Total social transformation, first to address the conditions that give rise to so many “crimes,” but also empowering the oppressed, will create new economic, social and cultural conditions where the police are not necessary. From Bedrooms to Billions: The Playstation Revolution. © Copyright 2020, Content may be reproduced with credit to LiberationNews.org, Obama is wrong. They were created out of fear that the more informal methods employed before were not sufficient to prevent slave revolts. Rebellions express the inability of the current system to resolve its own contradictions using the existing political framework. The oppression of Black people as a people, a nation, was the central pillar of early capitalist wealth and Black labor became essentialized as reserved to the lowest wages, classifications marked more frequently by unemployment than other strata of workers. The very idea of a revolutionary process implies that things have to go through stages. Any system of laws, to be effective, has to establish some universal legitimacy. Extinction Rebellion : une révolution radicalement non-violente Par Sophie Wahnich , Directrice de recherche au CNRS â 9 octobre 2019 à 20:31 Place du Châtelet à Paris, lundi. Nonviolent protests are twice as likely to succeed as armed conflicts â and those engaging a threshold of 3.5% of the population have never failed to bring about change. ‘Defund the police’ continues to gain support despite former president’s patronizing remarks, Results of Venezuela’s election to echo around the world. Unite and Fight, Build the General Strike! Even …, It remains to be seen what kind of politics can be built on the foundation of the notion of racial capitalism. The question is not, what balance of forces would we need (as though we were …, The strike allows us to find each other, and to together constitute a new collective subject, bringing our bodies together in a common action and …, The eleven groups featured in our movement inquiry constitute part of what may be an emerging radical pole in the struggle for black liberation. Where the liberals and Democrats appear to have made the most significant advance is narrowing the scope of the rebellion in the mainstream media. The essence of deploying the police as a “preventive” force is clearly predicated on determining that “crime” is “natural” to some more than others. In reality, crime is at historic lows and what crime is out there isn’t being dealt with terribly effectively by the police. There is no contradiction between, on the one hand, demanding cops face the same judgment for murder as the rest of society, and on the other hand desiring that the capitalist state be smashed and replaced with a workers’ state, and for that matter working towards a society free of class division and the absence of a state altogether. Oftentimes when a hitter is late the first thing a coach will say is get your foot down and wait. Before, their goals were restoration of African-type village communities and local â¦ The mass desire to punish the white supremacists and racist cops who have killed Black people for centuries is not wrong! This is starting to isolate the left in many critical ways and put it and its proposals on the defensive. Without a doubt because police terror is the raw edge of the oppression of Black people in the United States. Peter Kolchin; From Rebellion to Revolution: Afio-Ameiican Slave Revolts in the Making of the Modern World. In my view it rests with the advance of a strategy anchored by the further politicization of the mutual aid, food sovereignty, cooperative economics, community production, self-defense, peopleâs assemblies, and general strike motions that already existed and that emerged in embryonic form in the midst of the pandemic. Their interest is doing what is necessary to preserve the existing capitalist system. This insurrection proved to be the first of many tests that the infant nation had to deal with. Louis XIV and the parlements The assertion of royal authority Author: John J. None of the grisly facts of racism were unknown or undocumented prior to the assassination of George Floyd. Yet in city after city, militarized police drain 30 to 40 percent of municipal budgets. The Droid Revolution was a threat most of the galactic public never knew existed. Any program to limit the police must on the other side push for a social transformation to address these roots. 17th November 2020. Stopping the war on Black America means stopping the capitalist dynamics undergirding the oppression of Black people. What is clear is that there is an active and open political contest to shape the outcome. SHOP . The beginning of a general strike under current conditions starts with Peopleâs Assemblies in the streets debating and voting on having a general strike. After thousands of years of subordination of women to men, only a dedicated struggle and empowered society-wide movement against woman’s oppression can eliminate sexual assault. LATEST NEWS. The aim of a revolution is to re-align a political order on new societal values introduced by an externality that the system itself has not been able to process. The storming of the Bastille- July 14, 1789. Itâs late May and, as always, a sense of foreboding is taking hold. Notably, the rise of policing in this context was not a response to rising crime; in fact, in some early police bastions, crime appeared to even fall in the decade preceding the formation of police departments. The police are not focused on “crime” generally but on certain communities and places, and the types of “crimes” that allow them to maximize their presence and overall social control. PDF | On Jan 1, 1985, Bruce Lincoln published "Introduction" to Religion, Rebellion, Revolution | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate. A Green New Deal Between Whom and For What. To this end, they are willing to bend a few things, as long as it doesnât fundamentally break or alter the social relations that shape society, particularly who owns and controls the means of production. Index. If the police were immediately arrested and punished accordingly after each case, there would be no rebellion. Capitalist reformers or communist revolutionaries? Those with the power to mould public opinion identified the new working classes as a particular threat. Laslocky, a first grade teacher, reflects on her experiences with child rebellion and resistance throughout a school year and the methods she implemented to handle conflict. Baseball Rebellion Instructor talks about what he thought about the Rebelâs Rack before he started working here and what he thinks about it a year later! They would turn it into a fiasco to create a negative example to dissuade folks from thinking that an alternative is possible. On the other hand, the word ârebellionâ is generally used in the sense of ârevoltâ. The Boston Council noted, for instance, the need for police based on the “great numbers” arriving in the city without the benefit of “New England training” who can be “held to restraint” only by “fear of the lawgiver.”. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. jenna laslocky. And they are right to be concerned as this new upsurge in the Black Liberation Movement coincides not only with a pandemic but also a severe economic crisis and the unfolding disasters associated with climate change. What type of change â¦ 3rd November 2020 . Crafting slogans is not about which combination of words is the cleanest or free of contradiction from the standpoint of philosophy or “discourse.” This may be the standpoint of some, but throughout history, what drives forward mass revolutionary politics is the gap between what a government says and what it does, the gap between its laws and stated ideals versus its actual practice. We on the left â anarchists, communists, indigenous sovereigntists, revolutionary nationalists, and socialists â must resist the elevation of the liberal and Democratic party narratives and positions. Currently the movement in the streets is facing a debate of strategic importance: whether or not it is consistent to be for the abolition of police and call for the jailing of killer cops. What is essential is the struggle for power, the struggle to define the horizons of where we are headed. If we can accept the working class’s right to self-defense, and can accept the use of violence under certain conditions to prevent oppression and injustice, how could we object to a workers’ state’s use of prisons? Only 0.1 percent led to a conviction for a violent crime. Without addressing this it is hard to make sense of the removal of all the statues and symbols edifying settler-colonialism and enslavement, or the targeted acts of redistribution that have occurred, and the forced dismantling of the institutions of repression, exploitation, and gentrification. Many of those, while embracing a carceral logic for Chauvin and other killer cops, would also declare themselves for the total elimination of the current police institutions. People who steal literally millions of dollars they are legally obligated to pay are routinely treated much better by the legal system than someone who robs a liquor store of $500. This article concludes that interpretations of the Rebellion have served to obscure the much more significant political movement that preceded Daniel Shays' precipitous call to arms. State agencies all over the country are waiting for the rebellion to subside so they can hunt down thousands of young partisans and put them in jail in the name of justice and restoring law and order. Policing has further roots in the growth of urban centers in the mid-19th century. It is the Jim Crow legal system, the double standard, that sparks such outrage and militancy. Despite the perception that the police are out there “fighting a war” as they always put it, being a cop is actually less dangerous than being a farmworker, groundskeeper, septic tank servicer, garbage collector, truck driver, roofer, or flight engineers — just to name a few of the 15 jobs officially more dangerous than being a police officer. For the moment, the right wing and the Republicans have been relatively sidelined in this debate. If we recognize that these are the roots of the police, and that the “crimes” they allegedly respond to also have roots in the social order, then it follows that the only way to eliminate such specially armed instruments of social control is to get at these roots. Oakland has shown the other occupations how the movement can be successfully escalated. Their reasoning should be obvious. And yet, iâ¦ But why would they be considered to have any particular view on the ultimate legitimacy of the police? See also. The Floyd rebellion is changing the world before our very eyes. To be clear, I think the demand for abolition should be raised to heighten the contradictions. Formal and informal “violence interrupters’ have demonstrated in miniature that empowered community members, armed only with moral authority, can make significant reductions in shootings and murders. Why that is such an issue, is not clear. Revolution and Rebellion are two words that are often confused when it comes to the appearing similarity in their meanings and connotations. Chandigarh: As farmers, mainly from Punjab and Haryana, continue their protest at the borders of national capital Delhi, which began in late November, the internet is being flooded with songs of revolution and rebellion. Likewise for the honorable warriors of Florida’s Negro Fort who terrorized Southern slave holders under the ultimate “authority” of King Ferdinand of Spain. Short of accomplishing that, the empire will strike back. This is the political context with which we now approach the question of “reforming” or “defunding” or “abolishing” the police. One set of demands and one struggle leads to the next.
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